NAVIGATION
SOCIAL
© Guinea Pigs Australia
Fruit Name (100g)
Amount (UG)
Orange, Navel (Leng), Raw, Peeled
40
Mandarin (Tangor), Ellendale, Raw, Peeled
22
Banana, Lady Finger Or Sugar, Raw, Peeled
20
Orange, Navel (Washington), Raw, Peeled
20
Grape, Waltham Cross, Raw
20
Kiwifruit, Hayward, Raw, Peeled
Orange, Navel (All Varieties), Raw, Peeled
Orange, Valencia, Raw, Peeled
Mandarin (Imperial), Raw, Peeled
Grape, Black Sultana, Raw
Grape, Thompson Seedless
Mandarin (Tangelo), Raw, Peeled
Melon, Honey Dew, Yellow Skin, Raw, Peeled
Orange, Navel (Lane Late), Raw, Peeled
Mango, Raw, Peeled
20
19
12
12
10
10
10
10
10
9
Melon, Rockmelon (Canteloupe), Raw, Peeled
Banana, Cavendish, Raw, Peeled
Strawberry, Raw
6
5
5
Vegetable Name (100g)
Amount (UG)
Carrot, Baby, Peeled, Raw
4800
Carrot, Mature, Raw, Peeled
3678
Pumpkin, Golden Nugget, Peeled, Raw
800
Pumpkin, Butternut, Peeled, Raw
314
Cabbage,  Raw
140
Spinach, English, Raw
Pumpkin, Unspecified Variety, Peeled, Raw
Sweet Potato, Orange Flesh, Raw, Peeled
Parsley, Continental, Raw
Pumpkin, Queensland Blue, Peeled, Raw
Sweetcorn, Raw
Bean, Green, Raw
Chicory, Raw
Lettuce, Mignonette, Raw
Melon,Raw
60
56
50
40
40
33
33
30
30
30
Spinach, Water, Raw
Cucumber, Apple Crystal, Unpeeled, Raw
Cucumber, Common, Peeled, Raw
30
30
20
Cucumber, Common, Unpeeled, Raw
Endive, Raw
Tomato, Cherry, Raw
Watercress, Raw
20
20
20
20
Capsicum, Green, Raw
Cabbage, Chinese Flowering, Raw
Parsley, Curly, Raw
Cucumber, Telegraph, Unpeeled, Raw
16
15
12
10
Capsicum, Red, Raw
9
Cucumber, Lebanese, Unpeeled, Raw
Lettuce, Cos, Raw
Snowpea, Raw
9
5
5
Coriander, Fresh, Leaves And Stems
Tomato, Common, Raw
4
4
Zucchini, Golden, Raw
Zucchini, Green Skin, Raw
3
1
  Ensuring that you provide a balanced diet for your guinea pig is important. To get further into nutritional content we have collated a list of Vitamins and Minerals contained in Vegetables & Fruits that guinea pigs receive daily. These lists also provide you with information on what fruits and vegetables are safe to feed. Overview of Vitamins Vitamin A Vitamin A is fat-soluble, which means the body can store a supply of this vitamin. Vitamin A is stored via the liver. Vitamin A is obtained via Carotene a vitamin precursor in vegetables such as carrots, broccoli, spinach and sweet potatoes. These vegetables also contain Beta-cartotene. Fresh grass and Grass Hays also provide your cavy with an excellent source of vitamin A and should be a staple in any cavies diet. 12,000ui per kilo of pelleted feed is recommended for cavies. If fed in excess vitamin A has been known to cause liver damage. Vitamin A Benefits include Assists Immune System Health, normal cell development, eyesight, healthy skin and bone structure including teeth. Vitamin C Vitamin C is a water soluble vitamin. Unlike Vitamin A, K, D and E it cannot be stored within the body and is excreted through your cavies urine. Guinea pigs require 10-30 mg/kg of vitamin C daily to maintain optimum health and development. Pregnant, lactating and young cavies require a higher amount of this vitamin. Suggested amounts include 30-50mg/kg however always check with a qualified exotics veterinarian or nutritionist before increasing this amount vastly. Capsicum, grass and dark leafy green vegetables are excellent sources of absorbic Acid. Vitamin C benefits include prevtion of Scurvy, aids in normal cell function, absorbs excess iron, absorbs excess calcium, aids in the uptake of Vitamin B, Anti-Inflammatory properties and is a known antioxidant. Vitamin B  Vitamin B or Vitamin B complex is made up of a selection of nutrients which work in synergy to promote and assist in the normalcy of growth and development, enhance immune and nervous system functions and promote red blood cell growth. In guinea pigs vitamin B is obtained primarily via hay, grains (in the form of a plain pellet) and certain fruits and vegetables such as banana and sweet potato. A guinea pig will re-ingest vitamin B which is converted into “Cecotropes”. These are soft caecal pellets which are stored in the anus. Consumption of these pellets allows your guinea pig to effectively obtain extra nutrition and vitamin B which may not have been digested in the hind gut previously. Vitamin B benefits include: Promotion of digestive health, metabolism of proteins, stimulates apetitte and aids in the absorbtion of nutrients. Vitamin E Vitamin E is a fat soluble vitamin and like Vitamin A is stored in the liver. Vitamin E has been referred to in some studies as a potent antioxidant and it may assist in the reduction of inflammation, promote a healthy immune system and protect cells within the body via strengthening capillary walls. Guinea pigs require 50mg per kg of pellets. Some excellent sources of Vitamin E include mango, alfalfa and capsicum. Vitamin E benefits include: Protion of cardiac health, protects blood cells, supplies oxygen to the blood, cell nourishment, strengthens capillary walls and muscles. Oxalic Acid Oxalic Acid is a chemical compound primarily found in vegetables such as spinach, tomato,Swiss chard and parsley. When oxalic acid combines with calcium it forms Calcium Oxalate, an insoluble salt. If these vegetables are fed in excess high amounts of Calcium Oxalate can accumulate in the body which may lead to the ormation of kidney stones in cavies. Always ensure your guinea pigs diet is not too high in oxalic acid content. Knowing which vegetables and fruits contain high amounts will assist to plan, recognise and offer a nutritionally effective diet. A small tomato is fine to be offered to guinea pigs daily. Fibre Fibre is critically essential in your guinea pigs diet. Fibre is categorized into two separate components. Digestible fibre and indigestible fibre. Digestible fibre is broken down by enzymes and bacteria in the gut and provides energy and essential vitamins and minerals throughout the body. Indigestible fibre helps aid in proper digestive activity by keeping food and plant material constantly moving. Without a diet high in fibre a cavy will suffer from severe digestive upset which can vastly lead to other illnesses and lower the immune system. It will also slow down the gastrointestinal tract resulting in changes to the cecum pH. Cavies require a constant supply of fibre in the form of a good quality grass hay. Always ensure hay is available to your cavy 24/7. Fresh grass, forages and certain Vegetables and Fruits are also recommended as an inclusion in your guinea pigs diet to help promote a high fibre content. Fibre benefits include: Promoting correct digestive health, prevents maloclussion, essential for correct GI, enables git mobility and must be available to guinea pigs 24/7. Protein Once consumed protein is broken down via hind gut fermentation which occurs in the caecum and colon or more commonly referred to as the large intestine. The caecum contains bacteria and protozoa which are essential for healthy gut mobility and correct digestion. The Fibre:Protein content in your cavies diet must be correct to ensure the delicate balance of this bacteria is not compromised due to a diet high in starch, sugars or excessive protein content. Once protein has been broken down it is converted into amino acids which are then used to repair and create body tissue. Excess protein is used as a source of energy. Always ensure your guinea pig’s fibre content is higher then the protein content.  A good protein level is 15-16% crude protein. Fibre must always exceed 20%. You should always aim for the highest fibre content possible and avoid high carbohydrate, sugary foods as they can cause the bacteria within the hind gut to subsequently change. You do not want this. You want the digestive system working efficiently to avoid Gastrointestinal ileus (malfunction of the digestive tract due to gut slowdown). Grass hays contain approx. 19% crude protein and legume hays contain 22% crude protein. Protein assists with engery and also repairs damaged tissue. Calcium Calcium is responsible for the growth and maintenance of healthy teeth and bones. It is also a key in maintaining delicate between phosphorus and magnesium. Without the combination of these vitamins essential nutrients cannot be sufficiently absorbs through the body. There needs to be a proper balance between the levels of calcium, phosphorous and magnesium. If you observe any white substances being excreted out of your cavies system through its urine you know that there is an excess of calcium in the system and you must analyze your diet to ensure that you decrease that amount. In most cases feeding a lower calcium rich hay is sufficient. Benefits of calcium include: bone health, vitamin absorbtion and essential for correct Ca:P Calcium:Phosphorus The calcium:phosphorus ratio is extremely important in determining what you feed your cavy. For every gram of phosphorus ingested in the diet the body must be able to match the same amount of calcium. This is important for phosphorus absorption which occurs through the intestinal wall and then into the blood stream. Without the correct ratio calcium is absorbed from other sources i.e. storage deposits in bones. A good ratio is 1.5 : 1 Minerals are described as 1:1, 2:1, or 3:1. The numbers are the ratio of calcium to phosphorus in the product. For example a 2:1 mineral could be 14% calcium and 7% phosphorus or 20% calcium and 10% phosphorus. In a cavies diet you need to have a higher calcium to phosphorus ratio. This is why certain foods are not fed on a regular basis as they have an inverse ratio which can contribute to bladder stone formation. The total Ca:P in various Hay and Lucerne is listed below:  Hay Type  Calcium (%) Phosphorus (%) Alfalfa hay, midbloom 1.24 0.22 Oat hay 0.29 0.23 Orchardgrass hay 0.24 0.30 Timothy hay 0.43 0.20
Vitamin A - Alpha Carotene
Vitamin C - Ascorbic Acid
Fruit Name (100g)
Amount (mg)
Kwifruit, Hayward, Raw, Peeled
71
Mandarin (Imperial), Raw, Peeled
58
Orange, Navel (Washington), Raw, Peeled
58
Orange, Navel (Leng), Raw, Peeled
57
Orange, Navel (All Varieties), Raw, Peeled
53
Orange, Navel (Lane Late), Raw, Peeled
Mandarin (Tangor), Ellendale, Raw, Peeled
Strawberry, Raw
Orange, Valencia, Raw, Peeled
Melon, Rockmelon (Canteloupe), Raw, Peeled
Blackberry, Raw
Raspberry, Raw
Mandarin (Tangelo), Raw, Peeled
Mango, Raw, Peeled
Melon, Honey Dew, White Skin, Raw, Peeled
50
48
45
44
41
38
32
28
26
20
Banana, Lady Finger Or Sugar, Raw, Peeled
Pineapple (Cayenne), Raw, Peeled
Blueberry, Raw
19
17
13
Melon, Honey Dew, Yellow Skin, Raw, Peeled
12
Banana, Cavendish, Raw, Peeled
12
Melon, Watermelon, Raw, Peeled
Grape, Black Muscatel, Raw
Grape, Cornichon, Raw
Grape, Waltham Cross, Raw
8
7
7
7
Apple, Red Delicious, Unpeeled
6
Pear, William Bartlett, Raw, Unpeeled
6
Apple, Fuji, Raw, Unpeeled
5
Apple, Golden Delicious, Raw, Unpeeled
5
Apple, Granny-Smith, Raw, Unpeeled
5
Apple, Green, Raw, Unpeeled
5
Apple, Jonathon, Raw
Apple, Pink Lady, Raw, Unpeeled
Apple, Red, Raw, Unpeeled
Grape, Thompson Seedless
Pear, Raw, Unpeeled
Pear, Brown, Raw
Pear, Packhams Triumph, Raw, Unpeeled
Apple, Bonza, Raw, Unpeeled
Pear, Nashi, Unpeeled
5
5
5
5
4
4
4
2
2
Vegetable Name (100g)
Amount (mg)
Capsicum, Red, Raw
152
Parsley, Continental, Raw
132
Parsley, Curly, Raw
117
Broccoli, Raw
99
Capsicum, Green, Raw
98
Cauliflower, Raw
Basil, Green, Raw
Coriander, Fresh, Leaves And Stems
Cabbage, Chinese Flowering, Raw
Snowpea, Raw
Bean, Broad, Fresh, Raw
Sweet Potato, Orange Flesh, Raw, Peeled
Zucchini, Golden, Raw
Spinach, English, Raw
Spinach, Water, Raw
67
53
48
46
44
41
31
30
29
28
Tomato, Cherry, Raw
Pumpkin, Queensland Blue, Peeled, Raw
Bean, Green, Raw
28
24
23
Zucchini, Green Skin, Raw
22
Cabbage, Chinese, Raw
20
Cabbage, Bok Choy, Raw
Endive, Raw
Tomato, Common, Raw
Pumpkin, Golden Nugget, Peeled, Raw
18
18
18
17
Bean, Butter, Fresh, Raw
15
Cucumber, Lebanese, Unpeeled, Raw
13
Lettuce, Cos, Raw
13
Chicory, Raw
12
Lettuce, Mignonette, Raw
12
Pumpkin, Unspecified Variety, Peeled, Raw
12
Pumpkin, Jarrahdale, Peeled, Raw
Cucumber, Apple Crystal, Unpeeled, Raw
Pumpkin, Butternut, Peeled, Raw
Cucumber, Common, Peeled, Raw
Cucumber, Telegraph, Unpeeled, Raw
Carrot, Baby, Peeled, Raw
Cucumber, Common, Unpeeled, Raw
Carrot, Mature, Raw, Peeled
Celery, Raw
11
10
8
8
8
7
7
6
5
Vitamin B6 - A water soluble vitamin also called Pyridoxine
Fruit Name (100g)
Amount (mg)
Banana, Cavendish, Raw, Peeled
0.32
Apple, Granny-Smith, Raw, Unpeeled
0.06
Raspberry, Raw
0.05
Apple, Green, Raw, Unpeeled
0.05
Mandarin (Imperial), Raw, Peeled
0.05
Apple, Pink Lady, Raw, Unpeeled
Apple, Golden Delicious, Raw, Unpeeled
Apple, Red, Raw, Unpeeled
Mandarin (Tangor), Ellendale, Raw, Peeled
Melon, Watermelon, Raw, Peeled
Apple, Bonza, Raw, Unpeeled
Apple, Fuji, Raw, Unpeeled
Grape, Red Globe, Raw
Grape, Thompson Seedless
Melon, Rockmelon (Canteloupe), Raw, Peeled
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
Orange, Navel (All Varieties), Raw, Peeled
Pear, Packhams Triumph, Raw, Unpeeled
Orange, Valencia, Raw, Peeled
0.03
0.03
0.03
Pear, Raw, Unpeeled
0.03
Apple, Red Delicious, Unpeeled
0.02
Kiwifruit, Hayward, Raw, Peeled
Pear, William Bartlett, Raw, Unpeeled
0.02
0.02
Vegetable Name (100g)
Amount (mg)
Cabbage, Bok Choy, Raw
0.52
Carrot, Mature, Raw, Peeled
0.33
Capsicum, Red, Raw
0.30
Sweetcorn, Raw
0.19
Spinach, English, Raw
0.15
Bean, Green, Raw
Pumpkin, Unspecified Variety, Peeled, Raw
Cabbage, White, Raw
Cucumber, Common, Unpeeled, Raw
0.11
0.11
0.10
0.10
Parsley, Curly, Raw
Broccoli, Raw
Pumpkin, Butternut, Peeled, Raw
Lettuce, Cos, Raw
Pumpkin, Jarrahdale, Peeled, Raw
Tomato, Common, Raw
Cauliflower, Raw
Tomato, Hydroponic, Raw
Celery, Raw
Zucchini, Green Skin, Raw
0.10
0.09
0.06
0.06
0.05
0.05
0.04
0.04
0.03
0.03
Vitamin E
Fruit Name (100g)
Amount (mg)
Blackberry, Raw
1.4
Apple, Golden Delicious, Raw, Unpeeled
1.3
Mango, Raw, Peeled
Kiwifruit, Hayward, Raw, Peeled
Raspberry, Raw
1.3
1.1
0.8
Orange, Valencia, Raw, Peeled
Apple, Green, Raw, Unpeeled
0.5
0.5
Blueberry, Raw
Grape, Red Globe, Raw
Mandarin (Tangor), Ellendale, Raw, Peeled
0.5
0.5
0.4
Apple, Fuji, Raw, Unpeeled
Pear, Packhams Triumph, Raw, Unpeeled
Pear, Raw, Unpeeled
Apple, Bonza, Raw, Unpeeled
Apple, Granny-Smith, Baked, Unpeeled
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.3
Apple, Pink Lady, Raw, Unpeeled
Apple, Red, Raw, Unpeeled
Strawberry, Raw
Apple, Granny-Smith, Raw, Unpeeled
Apple, Red Delicious, Unpeeled
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
Grape, Thompson Seedless
Orange, Navel (All Varieties), Raw, Peeled
Banana, Cavendish, Raw, Peeled
0.2
0.2
0.1
Vegetable Name (100g)
Amount (mg)
Capsicum, Red, Raw
4.0
Spinach, English, Raw
1.2
Tomato, Common, Raw
Parsley, Curly, Raw
Tomato, Hydroponic, Raw
0.9
0.8
0.7
Zucchini, Green Skin, Raw
Pumpkin, Butternut, Peeled, Raw
0.6
0.5
Carrot, Mature, Raw, Peeled
Pumpkin, Unspecified Variety, Peeled, Raw
Pumpkin, Jarrahdale, Peeled, Raw
0.4
0.4
0.3
Broccoli, Raw
Lettuce, Cos, Raw
Cabbage, Bok Choy, Raw
Capsicum, Green, Raw
Sweetcorn, Raw
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
Oxalic Acid
Vegetable Name (100g)
Amount (mg)
Parsley
1.70
Spinach
0.97
Beetroot leaves
Carrot
Collards
0.61
0.50
0.45
Brussels sprouts
Beans, snap
0.36
0.36
Lettuce
Watercress
Sweet potato
0.33
0.31
0.24
Chicory
Broccoli
Celery
Cauliflower
Endive
0.21
0.19
0.19
0.15
0.11
Cabbage
Tomato
Turnip greens
Pea
Capsicum
0.10
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.04
Rutabaga
Squash
Cucumbers
0.03
0.02
0.02
Curly Kale
0.02
Coriander
Corn, sweet
0.01
0.01
Protein
Vegetable Name (100g)
Amount (mg)
Sweet potato
4.21
Watercress
3.00
Cauliflower
Brussels Sprouts
Broccoli
3.00
3.00
3.00
Pumpkin
Sweetcorn
Yam
Tomato
Spinach
2.70
2.50
2.00
2.00
2.00
Beetroot Greens
2.00
Courgette
Cabbage
Capsicum, raw
Endive
Chicory
Carrot
2.00
1.00
0.90
0.63
0.60
0.50
Celery
Cucumber
0.50
0.50
Total Dietary Fibre - measures both soluble and insoluble forms of Fibre
Fruit Name (100g)
Amount (mg)
Blackberry, Raw
6.1
Raspberry, Raw
6.1
Pear, William Bartlett, Raw, Unpeeled
Kiwifruit, Hayward, Raw, Peeled
Watercress, Raw
Banana, Lady Finger Or Sugar, Raw, Peeled
Pear, Raw, Unpeeled
Grape, Red Globe, Raw
Grape, Waltham Cross, Raw
Pear, Brown, Raw
Apple, Bonza, Raw, Unpeeled
Apple, Granny-Smith, Baked, Unpeeled
Orange, Navel (Washington), Raw, Peeled
4.3
3.8
3.8
3.7
3.6
3.5
3.5
3.4
3.2
3.1
2.8
Banana, Cavendish, Raw, Peeled
Grape, Black Muscatel, Raw
Apple, Golden Delicious, Raw, Unpeeled
Grape, Cornichon, Raw
Orange, Navel (All Varieties), Raw, Peeled
Apple, Fuji, Raw, Unpeeled
2.7
2.7
2.5
2.5
2.4
2.4
Apple, Green, Raw, Unpeeled
Apple, Pink Lady, Raw, Unpeeled
Grape, Thompson Seedless
Pear, Packhams Triumph, Raw, Unpeeled
Apple, Granny-Smith, Raw, Unpeeled
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.3
Apple, Jonathon, Raw
Orange, Navel (Leng), Raw, Peeled
Orange, Valencia, Raw, Peeled
Peach, Raw, Unpeeled
Apple, Red, Raw, Unpeeled
Apple, Red Delicious, Unpeeled
Pear, Nashi, Unpeeled
Orange, Navel (Lane Late), Raw, Peeled
Mandarin (Tangelo), Raw, Peeled
Blueberry, Raw
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.2
2.1
2.1
2.0
1.8
Mandarin (Tangelo), Raw, Peeled
Blueberry, Raw
Pineapple (Cayenne), Raw, Peeled
Tomato, Cherry, Raw
Mandarin (Tangor), Ellendale, Raw, Peeled
Mango, Raw, Peeled
Strawberry, Raw
Mandarin (Imperial), Raw, Peeled
Melon, Rockmelon (Canteloupe), Raw, Peeled
2.0
1.8
1.8
1.7
1.6
1.5
1.4
1.4
1.2
Tomato, Common, Raw
1.2
Zucchini, Green Skin, Raw
Zucchini, Golden, Raw
Melon, Honey Dew, White Skin, Raw, Peeled
Melon, Honey Dew, Yellow Skin, Raw, Peeled
Tomato, Hydroponic, Raw
Melon, Watermelon, Raw, Peeled
1.2
1.0
1.20
0.9
0.7
0.6
Vegetable Name (100g)
Amount (mg)
Bean, Broad, Fresh, Raw
7.1
Parsley, Curly, Raw
6.1
Pea, Green, Raw
Sweetcorn, Raw
Celeriac, Peeled, Raw
Parsley, Continental, Raw
Basil, Green, Raw
Carrot, Mature, Raw, Peeled
Broccoli, Raw
Coriander, Fresh, Leaves And Stems
Carrot, Baby, Peeled, Raw
Melon, Bitter, Raw
Bean, Green, Raw
5.7
5.6
5.1
4.7
4.2
3.9
3.6
3.5
3.3
3.3
3.1
Spinach, Water, Raw
Cabbage, White, Raw
Cauliflower, Raw
Pumpkin, Queensland Blue, Peeled, Raw
Pumpkin, Unspecified Variety, Peeled, Raw
Snowpea, Raw
2.8
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.6
2.6
Capsicum, Green, Raw
Endive, Raw
Pumpkin, Jarrahdale, Peeled, Raw
Capsicum, Red, Raw
Chicory, Raw
2.4
2.2
1.9
1.8
1.8
Fennel, Raw
Lettuce, Cos, Raw
Pumpkin, Butternut, Peeled, Raw
Celery, Raw
Cucumber, Common, Unpeeled, Raw
Lettuce, Mignonette, Raw
Pumpkin, Golden Nugget, Peeled, Raw
Cucumber, Lebanese, Unpeeled, Raw
Cucumber, Telegraph, Unpeeled, Raw
Cucumber, Common, Peeled, Raw
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.5
1.4
1.4
1.1
1.0
0.9
0.6
Calcium:Phosphorus Ratio
Vegetable Name (100g)
Amount (mg)
Collard Greens
14.5:1
Mustard Greens
7.52:1
Turnip Greens
Parsley
Beetroot Greens
Dandelion greens
Chinese Cabbage
Coriander
Looseleaf Lettuce
Curly Kale
Chicory
Spinach
Green Cabbage
4.42:1
3.25:1
2.98:1
2.89:1
2.85:1
2.72:1
2.71:1
2.41:1
2.14:1
2.02:1
2.00:1
Watercress
Endive
Raspberries
Grapes
Celery
Green Beans
2.00:1
1.86:1
1.8:1
1.40:1
1.40:1
1.21:1
Red Cabbage
Swiss Chard
Pear
Apples
Pineapple
1.20:1
1.10:1
1.06:1
1.00:1
1.00:1
Watermelon
Honeydew melon
Cucumber
Cos lettuce
Strawberry
Broccoli
Brussels Sprouts
Cauliflower
Carrots
Rockmelon
.93:1
.88:1
.78:1
.77:1
.75:1
.72:1
.61:1
.61:1
.59:1
.59:1
Apples, without skin
56:1
Pumpkin
Zucchini
Peaches
Banana
.48:1
.48:1
.45:1
.41:1
VITAMINS FOR GUINEA PIGS
View Vitamin A List
View Vitamin C List
View Vitamin B List
View Vitamin E List
View Oxalic Acid List
View Fibre List
View Protein List
View Ca:P List
  Ensuring that you provide a balanced diet for your guinea pig is important. To get further into nutritional content we have collated a list of Vitamins and Minerals contained in Vegetables & Fruits that guinea pigs receive daily. These lists also provide you with information on what fruits and vegetables are safe to feed. Overview of Vitamins Vitamin A Vitamin A is fat-soluble, which means the body can store a supply of this vitamin. Vitamin A is stored via the liver. Vitamin A is obtained via Carotene a vitamin precursor in vegetables such as carrots, broccoli, spinach and sweet potatoes. These vegetables also contain Beta-cartotene. Fresh grass and Grass Hays also provide your cavy with an excellent source of vitamin A and should be a staple in any cavies diet. 12,000ui per kilo of pelleted feed is recommended for cavies. If fed in excess vitamin A has been known to cause liver damage. Vitamin A Benefits include Assists Immune System Health, normal cell development, eyesight, healthy skin and bone structure including teeth. Vitamin C Vitamin C is a water soluble vitamin. Unlike Vitamin A, K, D and E it cannot be stored within the body and is excreted through your cavies urine. Guinea pigs require 10-30 mg/kg of vitamin C daily to maintain optimum health and development. Pregnant, lactating and young cavies require a higher amount of this vitamin. Suggested amounts include 30-50mg/kg however always check with a qualified exotics veterinarian or nutritionist before increasing this amount vastly. Capsicum, grass and dark leafy green vegetables are excellent sources of absorbic Acid. Vitamin C benefits include prevtion of Scurvy, aids in normal cell function, absorbs excess iron, absorbs excess calcium, aids in the uptake of Vitamin B, Anti- Inflammatory properties and is a known antioxidant. Vitamin B  Vitamin B or Vitamin B complex is made up of a selection of nutrients which work in synergy to promote and assist in the normalcy of growth and development, enhance immune and nervous system functions and promote red blood cell growth. In guinea pigs vitamin B is obtained primarily via hay, grains (in the form of a plain pellet) and certain fruits and vegetables such as banana and sweet potato. A guinea pig will re-ingest vitamin B which is converted into “Cecotropes”. These are soft caecal pellets which are stored in the anus. Consumption of these pellets allows your guinea pig to effectively obtain extra nutrition and vitamin B which may not have been digested in the hind gut previously. Vitamin B benefits include: Promotion of digestive health, metabolism of proteins, stimulates apetitte and aids in the absorbtion of nutrients. Vitamin E Vitamin E is a fat soluble vitamin and like Vitamin A is stored in the liver. Vitamin E has been referred to in some studies as a potent antioxidant and it may assist in the reduction of inflammation, promote a healthy immune system and protect cells within the body via strengthening capillary walls. Guinea pigs require 50mg per kg of pellets. Some excellent sources of Vitamin E include mango, alfalfa and capsicum. Vitamin E benefits include: Protion of cardiac health, protects blood cells, supplies oxygen to the blood, cell nourishment, strengthens capillary walls and muscles. Oxalic Acid Oxalic Acid is a chemical compound primarily found in vegetables such as spinach, tomato,Swiss chard and parsley. When oxalic acid combines with calcium it forms Calcium Oxalate, an insoluble salt. If these vegetables are fed in excess high amounts of Calcium Oxalate can accumulate in the body which may lead to the ormation of kidney stones in cavies. Always ensure your guinea pigs diet is not too high in oxalic acid content. Knowing which vegetables and fruits contain high amounts will assist to plan, recognise and offer a nutritionally effective diet. A small tomato is fine to be offered to guinea pigs daily. Fibre Fibre is critically essential in your guinea pigs diet. Fibre is categorized into two separate components. Digestible fibre and indigestible fibre. Digestible fibre is broken down by enzymes and bacteria in the gut and provides energy and essential vitamins and minerals throughout the body. Indigestible fibre helps aid in proper digestive activity by keeping food and plant material constantly moving. Without a diet high in fibre a cavy will suffer from severe digestive upset which can vastly lead to other illnesses and lower the immune system. It will also slow down the gastrointestinal tract resulting in changes to the cecum pH. Cavies require a constant supply of fibre in the form of a good quality grass hay. Always ensure hay is available to your cavy 24/7. Fresh grass, forages and certain Vegetables and Fruits are also recommended as an inclusion in your guinea pigs diet to help promote a high fibre content. Fibre benefits include: Promoting correct digestive health, prevents maloclussion, essential for correct GI, enables git mobility and must be available to guinea pigs 24/7. Protein Once consumed protein is broken down via hind gut fermentation which occurs in the caecum and colon or more commonly referred to as the large intestine. The caecum contains bacteria and protozoa which are essential for healthy gut mobility and correct digestion. The Fibre:Protein content in your cavies diet must be correct to ensure the delicate balance of this bacteria is not compromised due to a diet high in starch, sugars or excessive protein content. Once protein has been broken down it is converted into amino acids which are then used to repair and create body tissue. Excess protein is used as a source of energy. Always ensure your guinea pig’s fibre content is higher then the protein content.  A good protein level is 15-16% crude protein. Fibre must always exceed 20%. You should always aim for the highest fibre content possible and avoid high carbohydrate, sugary foods as they can cause the bacteria within the hind gut to subsequently change. You do not want this. You want the digestive system working efficiently to avoid Gastrointestinal ileus (malfunction of the digestive tract due to gut slowdown). Grass hays contain approx. 19% crude protein and legume hays contain 22% crude protein. Protein assists with engery and also repairs damaged tissue. Calcium Calcium is responsible for the growth and maintenance of healthy teeth and bones. It is also a key in maintaining delicate between phosphorus and magnesium. Without the combination of these vitamins essential nutrients cannot be sufficiently absorbs through the body. There needs to be a proper balance between the levels of calcium, phosphorous and magnesium. If you observe any white substances being excreted out of your cavies system through its urine you know that there is an excess of calcium in the system and you must analyze your diet to ensure that you decrease that amount. In most cases feeding a lower calcium rich hay is sufficient. Benefits of calcium include: bone health, vitamin absorbtion and essential for correct Ca:P Calcium:Phosphorus The calcium:phosphorus ratio is extremely important in determining what you feed your cavy. For every gram of phosphorus ingested in the diet the body must be able to match the same amount of calcium. This is important for phosphorus absorption which occurs through the intestinal wall and then into the blood stream. Without the correct ratio calcium is absorbed from other sources i.e. storage deposits in bones. A good ratio is 1.5 : 1 Minerals are described as 1:1, 2:1, or 3:1. The numbers are the ratio of calcium to phosphorus in the product. For example a 2:1 mineral could be 14% calcium and 7% phosphorus or 20% calcium and 10% phosphorus. In a cavies diet you need to have a higher calcium to phosphorus ratio. This is why certain foods are not fed on a regular basis as they have an inverse ratio which can contribute to bladder stone formation. The total Ca:P in various Hay and Lucerne is listed below:  Hay Type  Calcium (%) Phosphorus (%) Alfalfa hay, midbloom 1.24 0.22 Oat hay 0.29 0.23 Orchardgrass hay 0.24 0.30 Timothy hay 0.43 0.20
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© Guinea Pigs Australia
Vitamin A - Alpha Carotene
Fruit Name (100g)
Amount (UG)
Orange, Navel (Leng), Raw, Peeled
40
Mandarin (Tangor), Ellendale, Raw, Peeled
22
Banana, Lady Finger Or Sugar, Raw, Peeled
20
Orange, Navel (Washington), Raw, Peeled
20
Grape, Waltham Cross, Raw
20
Kiwifruit, Hayward, Raw, Peeled
Orange, Navel (All Varieties), Raw, Peeled
Orange, Valencia, Raw, Peeled
Mandarin (Imperial), Raw, Peeled
Grape, Black Sultana, Raw
Grape, Thompson Seedless
Mandarin (Tangelo), Raw, Peeled
Melon, Honey Dew, Yellow Skin, Raw, Peeled
Orange, Navel (Lane Late), Raw, Peeled
Mango, Raw, Peeled
20
19
12
12
10
10
10
10
10
9
Melon, Rockmelon (Canteloupe), Raw, Peeled
Banana, Cavendish, Raw, Peeled
Strawberry, Raw
6
5
5
Vegetable Name (100g)
Amount (UG)
Carrot, Baby, Peeled, Raw
4800
Carrot, Mature, Raw, Peeled
3678
Pumpkin, Golden Nugget, Peeled, Raw
800
Pumpkin, Butternut, Peeled, Raw
314
Cabbage,  Raw
140
Spinach, English, Raw
Pumpkin, Unspecified Variety, Peeled, Raw
Sweet Potato, Orange Flesh, Raw, Peeled
Parsley, Continental, Raw
Pumpkin, Queensland Blue, Peeled, Raw
Sweetcorn, Raw
Bean, Green, Raw
Chicory, Raw
Lettuce, Mignonette, Raw
Melon,Raw
60
56
50
40
40
33
33
30
30
30
Spinach, Water, Raw
Cucumber, Apple Crystal, Unpeeled, Raw
Cucumber, Common, Peeled, Raw
30
30
20
Cucumber, Common, Unpeeled, Raw
Endive, Raw
Tomato, Cherry, Raw
Watercress, Raw
20
20
20
20
Capsicum, Green, Raw
Cabbage, Chinese Flowering, Raw
Parsley, Curly, Raw
Cucumber, Telegraph, Unpeeled, Raw
16
15
12
10
Capsicum, Red, Raw
9
Cucumber, Lebanese, Unpeeled, Raw
Lettuce, Cos, Raw
Snowpea, Raw
9
5
5
Coriander, Fresh, Leaves And Stems
Tomato, Common, Raw
4
4
Zucchini, Golden, Raw
Zucchini, Green Skin, Raw
3
1
Vitamin C - Ascorbic Acid
Fruit Name (100g)
Amount (mg)
Kwifruit, Hayward, Raw, Peeled
71
Mandarin (Imperial), Raw, Peeled
58
Orange, Navel (Washington), Raw, Peeled
58
Orange, Navel (Leng), Raw, Peeled
57
Orange, Navel (All Varieties), Raw, Peeled
53
Orange, Navel (Lane Late), Raw, Peeled
Mandarin (Tangor), Ellendale, Raw, Peeled
Strawberry, Raw
Orange, Valencia, Raw, Peeled
Melon, Rockmelon (Canteloupe), Raw, Peeled
Blackberry, Raw
Raspberry, Raw
Mandarin (Tangelo), Raw, Peeled
Mango, Raw, Peeled
Melon, Honey Dew, White Skin, Raw, Peeled
50
48
45
44
41
38
32
28
26
20
Banana, Lady Finger Or Sugar, Raw, Peeled
Pineapple (Cayenne), Raw, Peeled
Blueberry, Raw
19
17
13
Melon, Honey Dew, Yellow Skin, Raw, Peeled
12
Banana, Cavendish, Raw, Peeled
12
Melon, Watermelon, Raw, Peeled
Grape, Black Muscatel, Raw
Grape, Cornichon, Raw
Grape, Waltham Cross, Raw
8
7
7
7
Apple, Red Delicious, Unpeeled
6
Pear, William Bartlett, Raw, Unpeeled
6
Apple, Fuji, Raw, Unpeeled
5
Apple, Golden Delicious, Raw, Unpeeled
5
Apple, Granny-Smith, Raw, Unpeeled
5
Apple, Green, Raw, Unpeeled
5
Apple, Jonathon, Raw
Apple, Pink Lady, Raw, Unpeeled
Apple, Red, Raw, Unpeeled
Grape, Thompson Seedless
Pear, Raw, Unpeeled
Pear, Brown, Raw
Pear, Packhams Triumph, Raw, Unpeeled
Apple, Bonza, Raw, Unpeeled
Pear, Nashi, Unpeeled
5
5
5
5
4
4
4
2
2
Vegetable Name (100g)
Amount (mg)
Capsicum, Red, Raw
152
Parsley, Continental, Raw
132
Parsley, Curly, Raw
117
Broccoli, Raw
99
Capsicum, Green, Raw
98
Cauliflower, Raw
Basil, Green, Raw
Coriander, Fresh, Leaves And Stems
Cabbage, Chinese Flowering, Raw
Snowpea, Raw
Bean, Broad, Fresh, Raw
Sweet Potato, Orange Flesh, Raw, Peeled
Zucchini, Golden, Raw
Spinach, English, Raw
Spinach, Water, Raw
67
53
48
46
44
41
31
30
29
28
Tomato, Cherry, Raw
Pumpkin, Queensland Blue, Peeled, Raw
Bean, Green, Raw
28
24
23
Zucchini, Green Skin, Raw
22
Cabbage, Chinese, Raw
20
Cabbage, Bok Choy, Raw
Endive, Raw
Tomato, Common, Raw
Pumpkin, Golden Nugget, Peeled, Raw
18
18
18
17
Bean, Butter, Fresh, Raw
15
Cucumber, Lebanese, Unpeeled, Raw
13
Lettuce, Cos, Raw
13
Chicory, Raw
12
Lettuce, Mignonette, Raw
12
Pumpkin, Unspecified Variety, Peeled, Raw
12
Pumpkin, Jarrahdale, Peeled, Raw
Cucumber, Apple Crystal, Unpeeled, Raw
Pumpkin, Butternut, Peeled, Raw
Cucumber, Common, Peeled, Raw
Cucumber, Telegraph, Unpeeled, Raw
Carrot, Baby, Peeled, Raw
Cucumber, Common, Unpeeled, Raw
Carrot, Mature, Raw, Peeled
Celery, Raw
11
10
8
8
8
7
7
6
5
Vitamin B6 - A water soluble vitamin also called Pyridoxine
Fruit Name (100g)
Amount (mg)
Banana, Cavendish, Raw, Peeled
0.32
Apple, Granny-Smith, Raw, Unpeeled
0.06
Raspberry, Raw
0.05
Apple, Green, Raw, Unpeeled
0.05
Mandarin (Imperial), Raw, Peeled
0.05
Apple, Pink Lady, Raw, Unpeeled
Apple, Golden Delicious, Raw, Unpeeled
Apple, Red, Raw, Unpeeled
Mandarin (Tangor), Ellendale, Raw, Peeled
Melon, Watermelon, Raw, Peeled
Apple, Bonza, Raw, Unpeeled
Apple, Fuji, Raw, Unpeeled
Grape, Red Globe, Raw
Grape, Thompson Seedless
Melon, Rockmelon (Canteloupe), Raw, Peeled
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
Orange, Navel (All Varieties), Raw, Peeled
Pear, Packhams Triumph, Raw, Unpeeled
Orange, Valencia, Raw, Peeled
0.03
0.03
0.03
Pear, Raw, Unpeeled
0.03
Apple, Red Delicious, Unpeeled
0.02
Kiwifruit, Hayward, Raw, Peeled
Pear, William Bartlett, Raw, Unpeeled
0.02
0.02
Vegetable Name (100g)
Amount (mg)
Cabbage, Bok Choy, Raw
0.52
Carrot, Mature, Raw, Peeled
0.33
Capsicum, Red, Raw
0.30
Sweetcorn, Raw
0.19
Spinach, English, Raw
0.15
Bean, Green, Raw
Pumpkin, Unspecified Variety, Peeled, Raw
Cabbage, White, Raw
Cucumber, Common, Unpeeled, Raw
0.11
0.11
0.10
0.10
Parsley, Curly, Raw
Broccoli, Raw
Pumpkin, Butternut, Peeled, Raw
Lettuce, Cos, Raw
Pumpkin, Jarrahdale, Peeled, Raw
Tomato, Common, Raw
Cauliflower, Raw
Tomato, Hydroponic, Raw
Celery, Raw
Zucchini, Green Skin, Raw
0.10
0.09
0.06
0.06
0.05
0.05
0.04
0.04
0.03
0.03
Vitamin E
Fruit Name (100g)
Amount (mg)
Blackberry, Raw
1.4
Apple, Golden Delicious, Raw, Unpeeled
1.3
Mango, Raw, Peeled
Kiwifruit, Hayward, Raw, Peeled
Raspberry, Raw
1.3
1.1
0.8
Orange, Valencia, Raw, Peeled
Apple, Green, Raw, Unpeeled
0.5
0.5
Blueberry, Raw
Grape, Red Globe, Raw
Mandarin (Tangor), Ellendale, Raw, Peeled
0.5
0.5
0.4
Apple, Fuji, Raw, Unpeeled
Pear, Packhams Triumph, Raw, Unpeeled
Pear, Raw, Unpeeled
Apple, Bonza, Raw, Unpeeled
Apple, Granny-Smith, Baked, Unpeeled
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.3
Apple, Pink Lady, Raw, Unpeeled
Apple, Red, Raw, Unpeeled
Strawberry, Raw
Apple, Granny-Smith, Raw, Unpeeled
Apple, Red Delicious, Unpeeled
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
Grape, Thompson Seedless
Orange, Navel (All Varieties), Raw, Peeled
Banana, Cavendish, Raw, Peeled
0.2
0.2
0.1
Vegetable Name (100g)
Amount (mg)
Capsicum, Red, Raw
4.0
Spinach, English, Raw
1.2
Tomato, Common, Raw
Parsley, Curly, Raw
Tomato, Hydroponic, Raw
0.9
0.8
0.7
Zucchini, Green Skin, Raw
Pumpkin, Butternut, Peeled, Raw
0.6
0.5
Carrot, Mature, Raw, Peeled
Pumpkin, Unspecified Variety, Peeled, Raw
Pumpkin, Jarrahdale, Peeled, Raw
0.4
0.4
0.3
Broccoli, Raw
Lettuce, Cos, Raw
Cabbage, Bok Choy, Raw
Capsicum, Green, Raw
Sweetcorn, Raw
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
Oxalic Acid
Vegetable Name (100g)
Amount (mg)
Parsley
1.70
Spinach
0.97
Beetroot leaves
Carrot
Collards
0.61
0.50
0.45
Brussels sprouts
Beans, snap
0.36
0.36
Lettuce
Watercress
Sweet potato
0.33
0.31
0.24
Chicory
Broccoli
Celery
Cauliflower
Endive
0.21
0.19
0.19
0.15
0.11
Cabbage
Tomato
Turnip greens
Pea
Capsicum
0.10
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.04
Rutabaga
Squash
Cucumbers
0.03
0.02
0.02
Curly Kale
0.02
Coriander
Corn, sweet
0.01
0.01
Protein
Vegetable Name (100g)
Amount (mg)
Sweet potato
4.21
Watercress
3.00
Cauliflower
Brussels Sprouts
Broccoli
3.00
3.00
3.00
Pumpkin
Sweetcorn
Yam
Tomato
Spinach
2.70
2.50
2.00
2.00
2.00
Beetroot Greens
2.00
Courgette
Cabbage
Capsicum, raw
Endive
Chicory
Carrot
2.00
1.00
0.90
0.63
0.60
0.50
Celery
Cucumber
0.50
0.50
Total Dietary Fibre - measures both soluble and insoluble forms of Fibre
Fruit Name (100g)
Amount (mg)
Blackberry, Raw
6.1
Raspberry, Raw
6.1
Pear, William Bartlett, Raw, Unpeeled
Kiwifruit, Hayward, Raw, Peeled
Watercress, Raw
Banana, Lady Finger Or Sugar, Raw, Peeled
Pear, Raw, Unpeeled
Grape, Red Globe, Raw
Grape, Waltham Cross, Raw
Pear, Brown, Raw
Apple, Bonza, Raw, Unpeeled
Apple, Granny-Smith, Baked, Unpeeled
Orange, Navel (Washington), Raw, Peeled
4.3
3.8
3.8
3.7
3.6
3.5
3.5
3.4
3.2
3.1
2.8
Banana, Cavendish, Raw, Peeled
Grape, Black Muscatel, Raw
Apple, Golden Delicious, Raw, Unpeeled
Grape, Cornichon, Raw
Orange, Navel (All Varieties), Raw, Peeled
Apple, Fuji, Raw, Unpeeled
2.7
2.7
2.5
2.5
2.4
2.4
Apple, Green, Raw, Unpeeled
Apple, Pink Lady, Raw, Unpeeled
Grape, Thompson Seedless
Pear, Packhams Triumph, Raw, Unpeeled
Apple, Granny-Smith, Raw, Unpeeled
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.3
Apple, Jonathon, Raw
Orange, Navel (Leng), Raw, Peeled
Orange, Valencia, Raw, Peeled
Peach, Raw, Unpeeled
Apple, Red, Raw, Unpeeled
Apple, Red Delicious, Unpeeled
Pear, Nashi, Unpeeled
Orange, Navel (Lane Late), Raw, Peeled
Mandarin (Tangelo), Raw, Peeled
Blueberry, Raw
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.2
2.1
2.1
2.0
1.8
Mandarin (Tangelo), Raw, Peeled
Blueberry, Raw
Pineapple (Cayenne), Raw, Peeled
Tomato, Cherry, Raw
Mandarin (Tangor), Ellendale, Raw, Peeled
Mango, Raw, Peeled
Strawberry, Raw
Mandarin (Imperial), Raw, Peeled
Melon, Rockmelon (Canteloupe), Raw, Peeled
2.0
1.8
1.8
1.7
1.6
1.5
1.4
1.4
1.2
Tomato, Common, Raw
1.2
Zucchini, Green Skin, Raw
Zucchini, Golden, Raw
Melon, Honey Dew, White Skin, Raw, Peeled
Melon, Honey Dew, Yellow Skin, Raw, Peeled
Tomato, Hydroponic, Raw
Melon, Watermelon, Raw, Peeled
1.2
1.0
1.20
0.9
0.7
0.6
Vegetable Name (100g)
Amount (mg)
Bean, Broad, Fresh, Raw
7.1
Parsley, Curly, Raw
6.1
Pea, Green, Raw
Sweetcorn, Raw
Celeriac, Peeled, Raw
Parsley, Continental, Raw
Basil, Green, Raw
Carrot, Mature, Raw, Peeled
Broccoli, Raw
Coriander, Fresh, Leaves And Stems
Carrot, Baby, Peeled, Raw
Melon, Bitter, Raw
Bean, Green, Raw
5.7
5.6
5.1
4.7
4.2
3.9
3.6
3.5
3.3
3.3
3.1
Spinach, Water, Raw
Cabbage, White, Raw
Cauliflower, Raw
Pumpkin, Queensland Blue, Peeled, Raw
Pumpkin, Unspecified Variety, Peeled, Raw
Snowpea, Raw
2.8
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.6
2.6
Capsicum, Green, Raw
Endive, Raw
Pumpkin, Jarrahdale, Peeled, Raw
Capsicum, Red, Raw
Chicory, Raw
2.4
2.2
1.9
1.8
1.8
Fennel, Raw
Lettuce, Cos, Raw
Pumpkin, Butternut, Peeled, Raw
Celery, Raw
Cucumber, Common, Unpeeled, Raw
Lettuce, Mignonette, Raw
Pumpkin, Golden Nugget, Peeled, Raw
Cucumber, Lebanese, Unpeeled, Raw
Cucumber, Telegraph, Unpeeled, Raw
Cucumber, Common, Peeled, Raw
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.5
1.4
1.4
1.1
1.0
0.9
0.6
Calcium:Phosphorus Ratio
Vegetable Name (100g)
Amount (mg)
Collard Greens
14.5:1
Mustard Greens
7.52:1
Turnip Greens
Parsley
Beetroot Greens
Dandelion greens
Chinese Cabbage
Coriander
Looseleaf Lettuce
Curly Kale
Chicory
Spinach
Green Cabbage
4.42:1
3.25:1
2.98:1
2.89:1
2.85:1
2.72:1
2.71:1
2.41:1
2.14:1
2.02:1
2.00:1
Watercress
Endive
Raspberries
Grapes
Celery
Green Beans
2.00:1
1.86:1
1.8:1
1.40:1
1.40:1
1.21:1
Red Cabbage
Swiss Chard
Pear
Apples
Pineapple
1.20:1
1.10:1
1.06:1
1.00:1
1.00:1
Watermelon
Honeydew melon
Cucumber
Cos lettuce
Strawberry
Broccoli
Brussels Sprouts
Cauliflower
Carrots
Rockmelon
.93:1
.88:1
.78:1
.77:1
.75:1
.72:1
.61:1
.61:1
.59:1
.59:1
Apples, without skin
56:1
Pumpkin
Zucchini
Peaches
Banana
.48:1
.48:1
.45:1
.41:1
View Vitamin A List
View Vitamin C List
View Vitamin B List
View Vitamin E List
View Oxalic Acid List
View Fibre List
View Protein List
View Ca:P List
Vitamin Lists